Gum Disease Treatment
Gum disease can lead to more serious problems if left untreated. It can be the reason for your pain in your mouth!
If you have pain in your teeth and gums, Dr. Mark Costes and Dr. Sean Reed of Horizon Dental are available for you. Dr. Costes and Dr. Reed are the best dentists in Prescott Valley, and Chino Valley AZ, and you can depend on them for help feeling better.
What is gum disease?
Even if you take care of your teeth by brushing twice a day and flossing once a day, plaque can accumulate on your teeth. When plaque has the chance to build up, it hardens into something called tartar, which cannot be removed simply by brushing. Bacteria thrive in plaque and tartar and begin to multiply. Your body tries to fight this infection by making new blood vessels in your gums, which look red and swollen in the early stages of gum disease. You may notice that your gums bleed when you brush your teeth. The bacteria are irritating your gums.
This is the beginning stage of gum disease, gingivitis. If it is left untreated, gingivitis will advance to periodontitis. At this stage, the inner layer of the gum begins to pull away from teeth and "pockets" are formed. Bacteria and debris collect in these pockets, and your gums become infected.
If periodontitis isn't taken care of, the bacteria start to make toxins, which can erode the bone and tissue that holds teeth in place. The pockets get even deeper, and bone and tissue erode even more. Eventually, without solid bone to help hold teeth in place, they become loose and fall out, resulting in the need for new teeth.
What are the symptoms of gum disease?
- Swollen and tender gums
- Bright red gums
- Purple gums
- Pus between gums and teeth
- Bad breath
- Bad taste in your mouth
- Changes in how teeth fit together
- Loose teeth
If you notice any of these symptoms, you should head to your dentist right away!
What can I expect from gum disease treatment?
To keep your gum disease from progressing from gingivitis to periodontitis, your dentist may recommend scaling and planing. Although these are technically two separate procedures, they are typically done at the same time by your Prescott Valley dentist. Root planing cleans the surface of the tooth root and makes it smooth. A smooth tooth root means that bacteria can't adhere to the root easily. Scaling is a thorough cleaning of tartar from the surface of your teeth and below the gum line. It also cleans out the bacteria and debris from the pockets that have formed. These pockets typically have a lot of tartar in them, which your dentist in Chino Valley will have to remove with special tools.
What can I expect during scaling and planing?
Dr. Costes may recommend dividing up your scaling and planing into two or more appointments, depending on how advanced your gum disease is.
Before he begins, he will numb your gums. Then, he will use special instruments to clean your teeth and their roots. These instruments can include ultrasonic instruments to remove larger pieces of plaque, hand-held instruments to clean the roots and a water irrigation system to get rid of debris.
What will gum disease treatment cost?
The cost of scaling and planing can depend on a few things, including how many visits the dentists recommends for the procedure. The staff at Horizon Dental would be happy to discuss costs with you, and they can check with your insurance company to see how much (if any) of the procedure they will cover. If you don't have insurance, Horizon Dental accepts cash, check, credit cards and financing options.
We have dental offices in Chino Valley and Prescott Valley. Choose the most convenient and give our staff a call. Don't wait any longer to get the smile you've always wanted -- call today!