Relaxing at the Dentist: Facts About the 4 Sedation Dentistry Types
From a simple tooth cleaning to invasive procedures, using sedation is a great technique to get patients relaxing at the dentist. How it will be used will depend on the patient’s level of fear or comfort.
Sedation dentistry makes use of a certain medication to help patients feel relaxed while undergoing dental procedures. According to a Prescott, AZ dentist, the levels of sedation used will include the following:
Minimal sedation. The patient is awake but relaxed.
Moderate sedation. The patient may slur his words when speaking and won’t remember much of the procedure.
Deep sedation. The patient is on the edge of consciousness. General anesthesia. The patient will become completely unconscious.
4 Types of Sedation Dentistry
1. Inhaled Sedation
Nitrous oxide, also known as laughing gas, is the common agent used for inhaled sedation. This is a colorless, odorless and non-irritating kind of gas. It is combined with oxygen and administered via nasal cannula or face mask a few minutes before the procedure. The gas will help the patient feel relaxed. This type of sedation is used only for procedures that will allow patients to go home right after the procedure.
2. Oral Sedation
Oral sedation will have minimal to moderate effectiveness. The patient will just take a pill an hour before the procedure for minimal sedation. A larger dose will be given to produce moderate sedation.
Generally, this is the commonly used type of sedation dentistry. The patient will feel drowsy and groggy, and can even fall asleep. However, he can still be easily awakened by gentle stimuli. After the procedure, he will need assistance on his way home since the sedative effect of the drug can still be active.
3. Intravenous Sedation
Intravenous or IV sedation, otherwise known as deep dental sedation, is an invasive procedure. The anesthetic medication will be administered through the intravenous route. Since the medication is directly delivered into the bloodstream, it causes rapid effects. It will instantly lower the patient’s ability to recognize any stimuli.
IV sedation will provide a higher degree of muscle relaxation, so it requires very strict monitoring before, during and after the dental procedures. The patient will also be assessed for allergies to any IV medication and the existence of other comorbid medical conditions. This type of sedation dentistry will allow the dentist to continuously regulate the level of sedation.
4. General Anesthesia
General anesthesia will make the patient completely unconscious. In other words, he will be in a deep sleep with reduced sensory perception. Since this type of sedation has a very high sedative effect, constant patient monitoring must be done during the dental procedure. Medications will be administered via face mask. After the procedure, the patient will feel uncomfortable and dizzy, so assistance is highly advised for those who will undergo this type of sedation dentistry.
For patients who need help relaxing at the dentist, sedation dentistry is highly indicated. Also, this is used for those who have phobias undergoing dental procedures and those suffering from mental health conditions. So call us to schedule your appointment today!
When it comes to restorative dentistry, dental implants generate the most interest. Unlike other procedures, implants achieve the feel and function of original teeth the best. It’s like you never lost your teeth at all.
However, to be a good candidate for dental implants, you need to have enough bone density to securely anchor the implants. If you don’t, additional work needs to be carried out.
Dental bone graft is performed for patients whose bone under the gums is not wide, tall or dense enough. This procedure is a rather complex one, so it greatly increases the overall cost of dental implant surgery.
To further understand this crucial treatment that is included in some dental implant procedures, listed below are things you need to know all about dental bone graft procedures.
This process will rebuild or replace bone in the jaw to support dental implants. Bone loss is usually caused by periodontal disease, trauma, an abscess, or aging and not having teeth for a long time already.
Bone grafts make use of bone (cadaver, cow, patient’s own bone) or bone-like material (synthetic bone).
An oral surgeon, prosthodontist or periodontist commonly performs extensive bone grafts several months before the dental implants.
A single bone graft using bone from a cow, cadaver or synthetic bone can cost between $250 and $1100. Meanwhile, for bone graft using the patient’s own bone, the procedure can cost between $2000 and $3000 – obviously more expensive as it includes two surgical sites, anesthesia and hospitalization.
The cost of bone grafts is dependent on the following factors:
size and shape of the surgical site, source material used, and where the bone is harvested from.
Additional costs can be expected, and they’re for X-rays, CT scans and consultation fee of other specialists.
Dental insurance normally doesn’t cover the cost of dental implants but may cover a portion of the cost of a dental bone graft due to bone loss’s impact on a person’s wellbeing.
The safest graft material is your own bone because it naturally integrates well and there’s no risk of infectious disease, tissue rejection and contamination. This is usually harvested from the chin, jaw, shin or hip.
Least ideal bone graft material is synthetic bone. While it’s second to your own bone when it comes to safety, this material is absorbed by the body and needs to be replaced over time.
Lastly, recovery from bone grafting usually takes about four to nine months so it’s a long waiting time before dental implant surgery can be performed. During the recovery/waiting period, you are expected to consistently practice proper oral care and to follow a healthy diet to ensure the success of the dental implant.
Last February 19 and 20, 15 international specialists with years of knowledge and experience among them assembled in Madrid for the Perio-Diabetes Workshop led by the European Federation of Periodontology and the International Diabetes Federation to tackle one of the biggest health issues in the society today:
The relationship between diabetes and periodontal disease.
While diabetes is characterized as a complex disease that involves deterioration or complete inability of an individual to produce or respond to the hormone insulin, periodontal disease (often called gum disease) is defined as the inflammation and irritation of the gum line.
More often than not, both illnesses result in more severe problems such as bone corrosion and teeth loss.
A group of experts have worked together to finally solve this massive dental dilemma.
During the workshop, it was discussed that patients who have periodontitis are also the ones who are most likely susceptible to pre-diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. Those who have diabetes, on the other hand, are very much prone to acquiring periodontal disease. People who suffer from periodontitis and other gum diseases find it difficult for their bodies to keep their blood pressure normal.
Now that it has been revealed that there is actually a strong resemblance between periodontal disease and diabetes, it is important that you also know how to treat or manage both conditions.
For those with periodontal disease, it has been shown that self-performed oral hygiene at home is an effective practice. By simply establishing a habit of regular brushing and flossing, you can save yourself from one of the most severe dental diseases.
Based on the workshop’s conclusion, diabetes can be treated while one practices self-care techniques for periodontal disease. The length and type of treatment varies from one patient to another, depending on the level of their infection. As a rule of thumb, it is still always the best option to consult a Prescott, AZ dentist to assist you throughout the procedure.
As for diabetes, there are injections prescribed by doctors that can help pump one’s bloodstream with enough insulin to treat diabetes. As expected, addressing diabetes also creates an impact on periodontal disease as both of them heal at the same time. It is important to know that the condition should be treated with utmost urgency, as more serious complications to one’s health may arise if left untreated for a long time.
One of the easiest ways to enhance your appearance is to invest in teeth whitening. Studies show that having brighter teeth makes an individual look healthier, younger and more put-together. Some even believe that getting rid of teeth stains and discoloration can result in a more impactful transformation than other forms of makeovers, such as facial cosmetic procedures, can provide. It’s no wonder why statistics from The American Association of Orthodontists reveal that 90 percent of patients request for teeth whitening treatment from their dentist.
Teeth whitening methods have become more varied and sophisticated through the years. Today, patients can choose from a wide range of solutions, including:
Dental hygiene products with add-on whitening features such as a whitening toothpaste and whitening mouthwash.
At-home solutions such as whitening trays, gels, strips or pens.
In-clinic procedures performed by or under the supervision of a dental professional.
Despite its increasing popularity and proven efficacy, many are still hesitant about trying out teeth whitening. Many would like to confirm and are asking, “is dental whitening safe?”
Side Effects of Dental Whitening
This hesitation may have stemmed from reports of adverse side effects due to the use of inferior, old-school or unsafe products in the early years of teeth whitening. Today, permanent and serious side effects should not be an issue anymore, as whitening solutions have become safer and more effective since teeth whitening technology has also become increasingly sophisticated.
Aside from the advances in technology, another reason why teeth whitening is now safer is the shift in patient perspective and behavior. People now have access to relevant and updated information on dental care and oral care solutions. Thus, they are able to make more informed decisions when it comes to protecting the health and appearance of their teeth. They know that the only way to get the most out of the benefits of teeth whitening is to use only established, expert-approved products and to go only to their trusted dentist for any tooth whitening procedure.
One of the most known side effects of whitening your teeth is experiencing tooth sensitivity, which can still happen albeit in very low or negligible intensities, and within a short, temporary period only. Using a toothbrush and toothpaste designed for sensitive teeth can help alleviate the discomfort. Your dentist should also send you off with clear after-care instructions, which you should follow. Within 24 to 48 hours, the sensitivity will completely subside.
To determine if you are qualified to undergo teeth whitening, consult your trusted dentist in Prescott, at Horizon Dental Group.
Written by Horizon DDS, November 22nd, 2016 | Comments Off on Is Dental Whitening Safe?
Ever experienced a really awful toothache that rendered you useless? That’s most probably due to tooth decay. People who aren’t diligent with oral care are highly prone to this dental problem; therefore, if you wish never to experience such intense discomfort ever again, prevent the onset of tooth decay by consistently implementing proper dental care.
To help prevent this problem, regardless of whether it’s for yourself or for your children, here are tooth decay facts that you should know.
Tooth Decay Facts – Prevention
Babies are not born with decay-causing bacteria in their mouths; the bacteria are transmitted. This means that if you wish to protect your child’s teeth from tooth decay, you must avoid sharing utensils and food with him because this really is the only way children get the decay-causing bacteria in their mouth.
Fluoride is one of the best defenses against tooth decay, so make sure that your toothpaste is loaded with fluoride, that you use a mouthwash with fluoride, and that you drink water with fluoride. What fluoride actually does is it makes the teeth’s enamel more resistant to acid attacks.
Tooth decay is the second most common disease in the world and it affects one fourth of children in the US ages 2 to 5, half of those who are 12 to 15 years old, and 90% of adults over 40 years of age.
Another great defense against tooth decay is the application of dental sealants, especially for teeth that are difficult to reach with a toothbrush. Studies show that teeth protected by sealant remain 99% cavity-free for six years. Dental sealants are highly recommended for newly erupted teeth.
Sugar is the main culprit behind tooth decay. It creates acids that weaken teeth enamel and create cavities, which is why it’s important to drink a lot of water after consuming sugary foods (these aren’t limited to candy – fruits and carbs have sugar as well).
Brushing right after eating can also lead to tooth decay. It should be done 30 minutes after because food acids still present in the mouth can make teeth weak and sensitive, and brushing while these acids are still present can have damaging effects.
The Importance of Treating Tooth Decay Immediately
Tooth decay can be deadly so it needs to be treated right away. It can lead to infection, which can spread to the sinus and the brain and then cause death.
There’s no reversing the effects of tooth decay; therefore, if you don’t do anything about it in its early stages, extraction may be the only solution for you to take down the line.
If you are struggling with dental pain, contact your Prescott dentist at Horizon Dental Care today.
A Prescott, AZ Dentist Provides an Overview of the Different Types of Tooth Discoloration
Tooth discoloration can be attributed to a wide variety of causes. And often, each of these causes can lead to a particular discoloration. Here, a Prescott, AZ dentist provides an overview of the different types of discoloration.
This is the most common type of discoloration and is attributed to aging and the development and thickening of the enamel’s dentin layer. Sometimes, bruxism (or the act of unconsciously grinding one’s teeth) can hasten the formation of dentin. In other cases, poor oral hygiene can lead to the accumulation of both plaque and extrinsic stains which leads to the familiar yellowish hue on the teeth’s surface. In this type of discoloration, the recommended type of treatment is bleaching.
Brown spots or stains can be attributed to different causes like tooth decay, enamel demineralization, some types of foods and beverages, and dental restoration failure.
Brown spots, which are found below the surface of the tooth, are known as intrinsic stains. Intrinsic stains often come as a result of a person undergoing antibiotic treatment while his or her teeth are still forming. Excessive fluoride consumption, childhood diseases and trauma can also cause intrinsic stains.
Brown extrinsic stains, on the other hand, are often caused by the consumption of dark colored beverages like coffee and soda as well as the tar found in cigarette smoke. Extrinsic stains can be removed through professional dental cleaning, proper oral hygiene, and by cutting back your consumption of dark colored drinks and tobacco products.
If your teeth have a grayish tint, that may probably be caused by the incorporation of dark pigmented molecules to the dentin and enamel while your teeth were still forming. This type of tooth discoloration can often be attributed to the use of the antibiotics known as tetracycline.
Freckles on the teeth
If you notice brownish-gray spots on your teeth, you might have fluorosis or enamel hypoplasia.
White spots on teeth can sometimes be an early indicator of tooth decay. This occurs when the acids from both plaque and the food you eat dissolve the enamel, which leads to a noticeable etched appearance on the teeth. Other causes of white spots are fluorosis and enamel hypoplasia.
This is just a brief overview of the different types of discoloration. In order to ascertain what the true cause of your teeth’s discoloration is, as well as to determine the best treatment option, you should schedule a visit to your Prescott Valley dentist.
Written by Horizon DDS, August 30th, 2016 | Comments Off on Overview of the Different Types of Tooth Discoloration