Our Offices
Prescott Valley (928) 772-9860|Chino Valley (928) 636-1565

Dr. Mark Costes
Dr. Sean Reed

Horizon Dental Horizon Dental Horizon Dental Horizon Dental Horizon Dental
Posts Tagged: dental care in prescott valley

The Different Types of Dental Bridges and Their Benefits

Cases of missing teeth among young children are often deemed cute occurrences (which is probably why there’s a popular song about missing teeth). But when you’re old, missing teeth can be a health risk.

Apart from a sagging facial appearance that can make you look sad and older, missing teeth can also have other negative consequences. One is the high likelihood of “shifting” – teeth can move a bit toward the gap. This movement creates spaces between the teeth that will not only alter alignment and bite but can also make teeth prone to harmful bacteria buildup that can lead to gum disease. A more serious consequence is bone loss, which will put you at greater risk of losing more teeth as you get older.

One of the best solutions to missing teeth is a dental bridge. What it does is it literally bridges the gap created by one or more missing teeth. It is made of two or more crowns (depending on the missing tooth’s location). One crow will serve as the replacement for the missing tooth, and the other/s for the anchoring tooth or teeth (called abutment teeth).

When dental bridges are placed in, you will be able to:

  • Restore your smile.
  • Restore your ability to speak for clearly.
  • Chew food properly.
  • Maintain the healthy shape of your face (no more hollow areas).
  • Maintain your proper teeth alignment and bite.
  • Preserve your original teeth better.

There are different types of dental bridges that your dentist can put in for you depending on where your missing tooth or teeth are, and they are:

  • Cantilever bridges – These are the type of bridges used when there are adjacent teeth on only one side of the missing teeth. Cantilever bridges are not used that often anymore because they are not ideal as restorative solutions for missing tooth at the back of the mouth where there’s usually a lot of pressure on surrounding teeth.
  • Maryland bonded bridges – These are also called a resin-bonded bridge or a Maryland bridge. They are made of porcelain, porcelain fused to metal, or plastic teeth and gums held together by a metal or porcelain framework. Metal or porcelain wings, usually placed on just one side of the bridge, are anchored or bonded to your existing teeth.
  • Traditional bridges – These consist of a crown for the tooth or implant on both sides of the missing tooth, with a pontic or a dummy tooth in between. Traditional bridges are the most frequently used type of bridge and they are made of either porcelain fused to metal or ceramics.

The application of dental bridges takes multiple visits to the dentist, which can take several weeks. But once the bridges are permanently placed in, you’re sure to feel a big difference in the way your mouth feels and functions. Ask your trusted Prescott, AZ dentist about the best treatment for you.

Celebrate World Oral Health Day by Taking Better Care of Your Teeth and Gums

Annually, people from all over the world celebrate World Oral Health Day on March 20.

But beyond this important day, it is crucial for people to pay attention to their oral health and take better care of their teeth and gums. Your oral health impacts your self-confidence, personal relationships, and even your overall health.

In fact, poor oral health has been associated with the increased vulnerability to a host of diseases ranging from diabetes to heart disease to some forms of cancers.

How can you take better care of your oral health? Here are some helpful tips from a Prescott, AZ dentist.

Change what you can change

When it comes to some dental health factors, there are some risks that you can do nothing about. These factors include your age, sex, and the genes you have inherited from your parents.

But there are also other risks factors that you can control. These include your lifestyle and habits and your behaviors. Some of the risk factors that you can change include tobacco use, your diet, alcohol consumption, and oral hygiene.

Making key changes in these areas can help boost your oral health while minimizing risk factors.

When you are looking to modify your diet, one of the first things that you need to check is your sugar consumption. That includes sweets and soft drinks which increase your vulnerability to oral diseases. As much as possible, limit your intake of sugary foods and drinks.

If you are a smoker, you need to be aware that your habit is wreaking havoc on your oral health. In fact, many studies have associated tobacco use with a long list of conditions ranging from gum disease to oral cancer.

While you do not have to totally avoid drinking alcohol, keep in mind that excessive consumption can leave you vulnerable to dental caries and oral cancer.

The easiest thing to modify is your oral hygiene. By simply brushing and flossing your teeth properly and regularly, you can protect your teeth and gums from a diverse array of conditions, including tooth decay and gum disease.

Beyond World Oral Health Day

Celebrating World Oral Health Day is a good way to underscore the importance of the health of your teeth and gums.

However, taking care of your oral health is something that you need to constantly remember every day, and not for just one day in a year. Take charge of your oral health by contacting us today!

5 Things You Need to Know About a Dental Bridge Procedure

If you have lost a tooth or a few teeth, one of the treatments your dentist will recommend is a dental bridge procedure. This is a highly recommended treatment if you wish to preserve the healthy structure of your mouth despite the loss a tooth or more.

You may be unsure about this solution especially with all the other options available, but if you’re gravitating toward this treatment, here are five things you need to know about it.

Compared to other types or restorative dentistry solutions, it’s definitely more affordable.

And if you’re just focused on appearance, it can achieve the same natural “look” that dental implants can produce because a crown would also be used to replace your missing tooth or teeth.

For a successful dental bridge procedure, you would need to have healthy surrounding teeth that would serve as an anchor for the bridge, says a Prescott, AZ dentist. Here’s something that you need to understand about the placement of a dental bridge: surrounding teeth need to be reshaped for the crown to fit securely and hold the bridge in place. This is something you need to think about especially if you care a lot about the health of remaining good teeth.

There three main types of bridges: traditional, cantilever and Maryland.

The first type, which is the traditional bridge, has a crown attached to each side of the artificial tooth. A cantilever bridge, meanwhile, is an artificial tooth attached to only one crown, and a Maryland bridge is an artificial tooth bonded to existing teeth on both sides.

When your teeth have been reshaped, the dentist will make an impression of the missing tooth and the surrounding teeth.

The will be used to customize a bridge that fits your mouth perfectly. While that is being created, your dentist will provide you a temporary bridge to use. You can expect your permanent bridge to be completed in a few weeks and once it’s ready, there’ll be evaluations on how it fits and affects your bite so it can be improved for your comfort.

And lastly, dental bridges can last you over a decade but you need to practice good oral habits.

You need to care for your dental bridge just like your real teeth because there’s always the risk of developing gum disease if you don’t.

A dental bridge procedure is a great option to consider especially if you’re not a good candidate for dental implants. It’s a quicker process to restoring the original look of your teeth and preventing your original teeth from shifting. Contact our dentists today to schedule an appointment!

Lingual Braces – Pros and Cons

Lingual BracesThe Pros and Cons of Lingual Braces

In recent years, the use of Invisalign has increased, especially among the younger set. One key reason behind that trend is because these clear aligners are virtually invisible. Compare that with conventional metal braces which can be awkward, especially for self-conscious teens, and you can certainly see Invisalign’s appeal to this demographic.

But according to a Prescott, AZ dentist, Invisalign is not for everyone. There are simply dental and bite problems that Invisalign cannot provide a solution for.

Fortunately, there is another option that your dentist can recommend: lingual braces.

Lingual Braces

The term lingual refers to the tongue and these braces are called such because these are installed on the inside surface of the teeth. Like Invisalign, these braces are also virtually invisible, even within close range.

But before you decide on using these braces, also known as invisible braces, you need to learn about their advantages and disadvantages.


Again, one of the chief advantages of using invisible braces is that they eliminate the hassle of looking awkward. For teens and young adults, this benefit is often more than enough to convince them to choose this option.

Invisible braces are more effective than clear aligners in correcting complex problems like rotations and large gaps between teeth.

Because invisible braces are installed on the inside surface of the teeth, discoloration of the teeth will not be much of a problem. The discoloration will occur on the part of the teeth which is not visible to other people.

But despite these benefits, invisible braces still pose a few challenges and disadvantages.


For one, you will go through a longer period of adjusting to these braces. It is not unusual for patients to experience some problems associated with speech. Plus, it will take some time to get accustomed to the feeling of wires and brackets on the inside surface of your teeth.

Another downside of these braces is that they are more difficult to clean. If you have gum problems, these may be adversely affected by your braces.

Installing these braces can also be challenging for dentists. For one, because of the location where the braces will be installed. Your dentist will have to face a few difficulties and use smaller and lighter wires. In turn, this can translate to longer treatment periods compared to both Invisalign and traditional braces. This may also mean that you have to spend a longer time on the dental chair.

Finally, lingual braces can cost more than conventional braces.

If you are interested in learning more about lingual braces contact your Prescott dentist at Horizon Dental Group today. The professionals at Horizon Dental Group are dedicated to helping you develop a confident smile.

Bruxism | Causes & Prevention

bruxismWhat Are the Causes of Bruxism?

Bruxism or the act of grinding of teeth (especially during sleep), can lead to a diverse array of problems. For one, chronic teeth grinding can fracture or loosen teeth. Worse, it can lead to teeth loss. Bruxism can also result in problems associated with the jaws and even affect the appearance of your face.

But what causes bruxism?

According to a Prescott, AZ dentist, the causes of bruxism remain unknown. However, there are a few factors which have been linked to this condition. What are these?

Stress and anxiety

Bruxism is often associated with people who are facing a huge amount of stress and anxiety. Some people unconsciously grind their teeth while under stress while others grind their teeth during sleep.

If you are undergoing a stressful period in your life, you may experience sleep problems which can trigger bruxism. Additionally, you might clench and grind your teeth while being anxious or stressed.

Some patients who take medications for their depression and anxiety may also grind their teeth.

Obstructive sleep apnea

If you have been diagnosed with the condition known as obstructive sleep apnea, you are at a greater risk of grinding your teeth while you sleep.

The primary reason behind this is because this condition interrupts your breathing during sleep.

Furthermore, you are highly likely to grind your teeth during sleep if you talk and behave violently during sleep, or experience sleep paralysis and hallucinations during sleep.


Some types of medication can cause grinding of the teeth as a side effect. Such drugs include those that are used to alter a person’s mood.

Lifestyle factors

If you are a heavy drinker, a smoker, a user of recreational drugs, or a heavy drinker of caffeinated drinks, you are more likely to grind your teeth.

Bruxism in children

Bruxism can occur in one out of five children. According to some experts, this figure could be higher, considering the fact that some parents may not notice teeth grinding in their children.

Teeth grinding in children can start after the eruption of the first teeth and may continue upon the appearance of permanent teeth. Usually, children outgrow their bruxism. But sometimes, children can grind their teeth as a response to stress.

You can take control over your condition by looking for ways to manage your stress. It also helps to eliminate foods and beverages which can trigger the grinding of your teeth.

If you are suffering the side affects of teeth grinding, your Prescott Valley dentist can recommend the use of a mouth guard to protect your teeth from damage.


Dry Mouth | Causes & Prevention

Dry MouthWhat Causes Dry Mouth?

Do you feel parched all the time? Does your mouth frequently feel as dry as a desert? Dry mouth can be annoying, inconvenient, embarrassing, and often painful. In many cases, dry mouth is nothing to worry about and is simply caused by temporary conditions such as hunger or thirst from missing a meal or drink, nervousness, or stress.

But if dry mouth persists or is already a long-term condition, then it is important to take a serious look into it. If left untreated, dry mouth can lead to other dental and health problems. At the same time, it can also be a symptom of another serious health condition. When you have dry mouth, you may experience the following symptoms:

– You have difficulty eating, discerning taste, and speaking.

– You suffer from a burning, rough and/or sticky feeling in the mouth.

– You often experience cracked lips, gum sores, irritated gums and tooth decay.

– You have bad breath that doesn’t go away.

A Couple Causes of Dry Mouth

Decreased saliva flow or insufficient saliva production is the reason why your mouth is dry. Saliva plays an important role in your dental health and digestive processes. It keeps the mouth wet and moisturized so you can speak and move your mouth efficiently. It allows you to chew, taste, swallow and digest food properly. It also protects your teeth from decay and infection, thanks to its ability to cleanse the mouth and reduce bacterial and fungi growth.

Thus, you need to know why there is a lack of sufficient saliva, so you can work toward the proper treatment of your dry mouth. Visit the doctor so you can be examined for the following possible causes:

Medical condition – Medical conditions associated with dry mouth include nerve damage, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, systemic lupus, Sjogren’s Syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis.

Medical treatments – Some medical procedures can affect the way your body produces saliva including chemotherapy and radiation treatment.

Side effect of medication – Hundreds of medicines can make your saliva glands less active. The most common ones are hypertension medicine and medication used for managing depression.

Dry Mouth Treatment and Prevention

Aside from following your dentist and doctor’s treatment plan, you can also reduce dry mouth with some lifestyle changes.

– Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol.

– Reduce your intake of food and beverages with too much salt and sugar.

– Drink lots of water throughout the day.

– Chew sugarless gum to activate the production of saliva.

– Practice good dental hygiene.

Be sure to treat this issue and enjoy better quality of life. Visit your Prescott, AZ dentist regularly for professional care and assessment.   


Denture Problems | Potential Issues You Should Be Aware Of

Denture ProblemsWhat Are Some Potential Denture Problems?

Tooth loss can dramatically reduce your quality of life. That’s why many patients see dentures as a life-saving solution. Despite the emergence of newer tooth restoration options, dentures continue to be a popular choice for patients all over the world because of its convenience, ease of use and affordability.

Dentures today offer a more comfortable and snug fit compared to past models. High-quality, well-fitting dentures are now made of sophisticated materials that do a good job of mimicking the appearance of natural teeth.  

While most major complaints about dentures have been solved with modern denture technology, some common denture problems still remain.

If you’re thinking of getting dentures, it’s important to ask yourself, What are some possible denture problems? This way, you can make the necessary preparations to reduce or manage these complaints.

Excessive saliva production

First-time denture wearers often experience saliva overflow. This is brought about by the presence of a foreign object inside your mouth, causing your salivary glands to work harder than usual. As your body gets more used to the dentures, saliva production will gradually go back to normal. Mints or hard candies can help you temporarily manage the uncomfortable sensation.

Wearer discomfort

Another sensation that might cause you to feel uncomfortable is the feeling as if your dentures are too large or taking up too much space in your mouth, to the point that your lips feel stretched. If the dentures have an exact fit, this sensation is most likely a normal part of the adjustment period. The only way to make it go away is to wear your dentures more often – eventually, your mouth will learn how to accommodate them.  

Wobbly wear

Some first-time wearers also complain about dentures feeling unstable, making them fear that their fake teeth might accidentally slip out of their mouth altogether. To give dentures a more secure hold, apply a denture adhesive. However, it’s a different matter if the slipping is caused by ill-fitting dentures due to improper measurements or because the gum tissue and jawbone have already shifted or shrunk after some time. If this is the case, consult your dentist immediately.

Mouth sores, inflammation and pain

Another possible problem is pain and inflammation. This is common during the early stages and can be relieved with a warm water and salt gargle and medicines prescribed by your dentist. But if pain and sores continue to persist, check with your dentist to make sure it is not caused by poor fit. Also, prevent inflammation due to bacterial infection by following the proper dental and denture cleaning and care routine.  

Questions or problems with your dentures? Don’t attempt to solve them alone. Contact your trusted Prescott, AZ dentist for professional help.

Gum Health | Dental Procedures That Could Improve Your Overall Health

gum healthThe Most Common Dental Procedures for Better Teeth and Gum Health

Investing in your dental health offers benefits beyond your teeth and gums. By ensuring good gum health, you reduce your risks of getting a heart attack, stroke or diabetes, all of which have been linked to bacteria from the mouth and gum infection. A great-looking set of teeth is also an asset to your social life and your career. Disease prevention, better overall health and improved looks are just some of the reasons why vigilant at-home dental care and visiting a dentist regularly should be on top of your must-do list.

The good news is that achieving better dental health has become easier and more affordable today. The most common dental procedures now offer the best results at less to zero pain, thanks to the state-of-the-art dental technology leading facilities have. Moreover, it also pays to choose an experienced, reputable dentist who knows how to apply certain techniques that can make each procedure as comfortable and pleasant as possible for you as a patient.

The most common dental procedures that can solve your tooth and gum health issues include the following:


For cracked/broken teeth: Fillings and repairs.

Trauma and tooth decay are two of the main causes of damage to tooth surface and structure. The tooth can be repaired using fillings which are made of materials that look and feel like natural teeth.

To cover and protect damaged teeth: Dental crowns or caps.

Dental crowns are placed over the entire tooth to cover the tooth damage, whether it’s a crack, stain, chip or structural weakness. Not only do dental caps improve the appearance of a tooth, but they also add strength to it.

To fix stained or discolored teeth: Tooth whitening procedures.

You can now choose from a wide array of tooth whitening systems, from in-clinic treatments to at-home kits. While you can easily get over-the-counter tooth whitening solutions today, it’s best to get the advice of your dentist before trying any product or procedure to ensure safe results.

To replace missing tooth: Bridges and implants.

To replace a missing tooth, your dentist may recommend the use of a bridge or an implant. A removable denture also known as a bridge works best for filling in gaps caused by missing teeth. A more advanced solution is the placement of dental implants, which are surgically attached to your jawbone for a more secure and more long-term fit.  

To save tooth from extraction: Root canal.

If the tooth becomes too infected or decayed, the patient will usually be left with two options: extraction or root canal, if applicable, to save the tooth. During the procedure, the pulp of the tooth is removed and the root canal is sealed off to avoid further infection.    

Contact the professionals at Horizon Dental Group if you have any questions about how you could improve your overall dental health.

Dental Bridges and Crowns | Important Things To Know

dental bridges

7 Important Things to Know About Dental Bridges and Crowns

Prosthodontics and restorative dentistry are important branches of dentistry. People who damage or lose their teeth rely on it not only to regain the nice appearance of their mouth but also to restore proper function and prevent teeth from shifting. And when it comes to restorative dentistry, a dental bridge or crown (also inlays and onlays) are greatly in demand for both aesthetic and functional purposes.

If you’re not too familiar with how they are applied, how they work to improve oral health, and the potential side effects to consider should you need to get these one day, important information about them are provided below to help you understand them better.


Multiple Sessions Required

It typically takes a two to three sessions to complete the application of dental bridges and crowns. These sessions are divided into the preparation of the teeth, taking their impressions, the placement of the temporary crown, and finally, the placement of the permanent crown


Teeth Sensitivity is common

Sensitivity of teeth, gum soreness, and other discomforts around the treated area are common especially before the permanent crown is placed.


Effective Ways To Prevent Discomfort

Your dentist will likely prescribe pain relievers and advise you to use a cold compress to ease sensitivity and other discomforts.


Temporary Crown Aftercare

You need to be careful with the temporary crown because it’s just a plastic-based material or a soft metal. Avoid chewing on your teeth, especially while you’re still feeling numbness in your mouth due to the anesthesia.

Likewise, be careful with flossing around the temporary crown; make sure you pull the floss out gently to prevent it from coming off. 


Off Limit Foods

Foods that are chewy (tough meats), hard (ice, candies, or peanut brittle) and sticky (toffee, gum) are not allowed when you have temporary crowns as these foods may loosen the crown and cause it to come off — or worse, break it. It’s going to be a huge hassle to have to make the trip to the dentist for a new temporary crown to be made and placed back in.


What To Expect After Your Permanent Crown Is Placed.

When the permanent crown is placed, the teeth surrounding it may feel some tightness, but you can expect everything to feel more natural over the next couple of days after application.


Permanent Crown Aftercare.

If you feel like your bite is uneven due to the permanent crown, it’s imperative that you inform your dentist right away so appropriate adjustments can be made.

If the permanent crown is not the right fit, this can cause other teeth to shift (that is, if there’s space for movement) or damage the teeth beside it.

If you have any additional questions about dental bridges and crowns, consider contacting the the dental professions at Horizon Dental Group.

Dental Replacement Options |More Information About Dental Implants

Dental Replacement OptionsDental Replacement Options | The Benefits of Getting Dental Implants

Aside from trauma or dental injury, tooth loss can occur due to a number of reasons. These reasons or factors include practicing bad oral hygiene, frequent tooth grinding or bruxism, failing to have teeth with caries properly treated, smoking and drinking, and poor nutrition. If you fail to correct these bad habits immediately and neglect to visit your dentist regularly, you may end up losing all of your natural teeth in a short span of time.

Once you already have a number of missing teeth, you can choose from among various dental solutions available to replace them. One of the most popular dental replacement options today is to get dental implants.

A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that is surgically placed in a person’s jaw to securely hold a crown, removable denture or bridge. A dental implant is made up of three parts:

  • The implant device –The part which is surgically inserted into the jaw bone
  • The abutment – The piece that connects the implant device to the replacement tooth
  • Crown or denture – The artificial replacement tooth

Implants are usually made of titanium. This is the most popular material of choice since it is bio-compatible, has been proven to be strong and durable, and has the unique property of effectively fusing directly to the bone through a process called osseointegration.

Benefits Offered By Dental Implants

Dental implants can offer numerous benefits to individuals who want to replace one or more of their missing teeth. Their advantages include the following:


  • They look and feel like natural teeth. Compared to bridges and dentures, implants are simply aesthetically superior since they stay in place and they look and function like real teeth. With a dental implant, you may even forget that you lost a tooth.
  • They provide comfort and convenience of use. With this cosmetic dental solution, you don’t have to go through the bother and discomfort of removing dentures to clean them or before going to sleep. Unlike dentures, which usually make chewing difficult, implants function like your own natural teeth; as such, you get to eat your favorite foods without pain and worries.  
  • They enhance oral health. An implant can save the adjacent teeth since they don’t need to be anchored to the teeth next to them. As a result, they preserve the overall integrity of your healthy, natural teeth. With implants, you also have easier access between teeth, thus improving your oral hygiene.
  • They are strong and durable. As previously mentioned, dental implants are made of titanium, one of the strongest and most durable materials around. They will definitely last for many years. With proper care and maintenance, they may even last a lifetime.
  • They won’t impede your speech. Lastly, dentures can slip within the mouth, causing you to mumble or slur your words. Implants, however, won’t give you this problem since they stay in place and the artificial teeth would never slip.


Dental implants can make the loss of natural teeth more bearable. With this cosmetic dental solution, you can have better oral health and feel more confident about your smile. If you feel that dental implants are the right solution for you, call Horizon Dental Group and schedule an appointment for a consultation.