Our Offices
Prescott Valley (928) 772-9860|Chino Valley (928) 636-1565

Dr. Mark Costes
Dr. Sean Reed



Horizon Dental Horizon Dental Horizon Dental Horizon Dental Horizon Dental
Periodontal Disease

In-Demand Dental Options To Improve Facial Aesthetics

People today live in a society wherein good looks are usually an advantage in life. By having a nice physical appearance, you automatically become a shoo-in for certain jobs, for example, and advancing in your career is bound to be easier.

Several studies prove that the women who advance most at work are those who are more attractive, thinner, taller and have a more youthful appearance than their female colleagues.

Another advantage established by research is good personality perception. A person with a pretty smile is automatically perceived as kinder and more successful. It’s no wonder so many people work on having a great smile these days, and there are several dental options available that are designed for this goal.

So, if you want to achieve a better smile to improve your facial aesthetics, there’s definitely no shortage of options.

Rounded up below are the most in-demand dental options to improve facial aesthetics.

  1. Braces

This is definitely one of the most popular dental treatments for the creation of a nice smile and the improvement of facial structure. Orthodontic braces correct teeth alignment and can even correct the jaw, especially when paired with headgear.

There are different kinds of orthodontic braces – the traditional metal ones, clear, ceramic, lingual and Invisalign. Clear, ceramic, lingual and Invisalign are becoming quite popular because they’re the more discreet options.

  1. Dental veneers

These are the best solutions for chipped, broken, and weirdly shaped teeth, says a Prescott, AZ dentist. Also, these are the secret to Hollywood’s best smiles because dental veneers are shaped to really improve the look of your teeth. This wafer-thin material is durable and it doesn’t stain. This means you get real pearly whites with dental veneers.

  1. Crowns

These restore the original appearance and strength of damaged teeth. Likewise, these also provide the advantage of preserving surrounding teeth.

  1. Dental bridges

If you have lost a tooth, shifting is likely to happen. Also, your gums may recede and the teeth surrounding the vacant spot may wear down more easily because they would bear the pressure that the lost tooth should’ve been helping with. Dental bridges can prevent these issues from occurring.

Spanning the missing the space, bridges are bonded to the teeth on both sides of the gap, and a false tooth (called a “pontic”) is attached to the bridge, which replaces the missing tooth.

  1. Dental implants

Finally, if you want a permanent solution to the teeth you have lost, dental implants are the way to go. These will not only restore the original look of your mouth but also its function. Dental implants will look and function like your real teeth because they are secured to your jaw. These are rather expensive, however, but getting dental implants is perhaps the best restorative dental procedure there is.


The 5 Stages Of Tooth Decay

Cavities always start small and are undetectable to the naked eye. However, if left unchecked and untreated, the decay will eventually progress and bypass the protective layers of the tooth. Once the cavity reaches the inner chamber, an infection is imminent and will cause serious damage to the tooth.

According to a leading Prescott, AZ dentist, there are five stages of tooth decay:

Stage One: Demineralization

The onset of tooth decay happens when acids in your mouth attack the hard outer layer or the enamel of your tooth through a process called demineralization. This happens on a small portion of the surface of the tooth first. This early stage of tooth decay comes in the form of a white spot (also called lesion) on the enamel. If the decay is detected at this point, steps can be taken to remineralize the enamel and stop the cavity from progressing.

Stage Two: Enamel Erosion or Decay

If the initial lesion isn’t treated immediately, the tooth will break down further and cause the decay of the tooth enamel. The damage has now officially become tooth decay. The cavity can now be seen using a dental x-ray and the underlying dentin layer of the tooth is exposed. The cavity can cause patients to suffer from tooth sensitivity when eating or drinking too hot and extremely cold foods and beverages.

The decay at this stage can be still be treated by removing the decayed material and the placement of dental filling, inlay, onlay, or crown.

Stage Three: Dentin Erosion or Decay

The cavity will further spread to the dentin of the tooth if the enamel decay was not treated immediately. Dentin is a porous substance which is not as durable as enamel. When the cavity reaches the dentin, treatment becomes a far more crucial matter because the pace of the decay will go faster.

Stage Four: Dental Pulp Infection

The dental pulp is made up of nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissues and it is found in the innermost part of a tooth. This pulp plays an important role in the maturation and overall health of a tooth. If the bacteria reach the dentin layer of the tooth, it means that the dental pulp has also been breached. This causes a root canal infection which can be highly painful and uncomfortable.

At this stage, root canal therapy and tooth extraction are the only treatment options.

Stage Five: Abscess Formation

If root canal therapy or tooth extraction has still not been performed, the infection will spread beyond the dental pulp. The surrounding tissues, including the gum tissues and jawbone, will be affected and inflammation and swelling are imminent. Abscesses or the accumulation of pus will also appear as a response to the infection. The presence of an abscess can be a serious health problem which can result in a major general infection and other health issues, especially if it bursts. At this point, the infection has to be treated with antibiotics before the severely decayed tooth will be removed.

The longer you wait to have your cavities treated, the worse it will be for your tooth. If you suspect you have some dental caries or if your dentist has already ascertained this, get the recommended treatment quickly so that you can still preserve your natural tooth.


How To Relieve Tooth Decay Pain

When you neglect to carry out proper oral hygiene, you automatically place yourself in the painful path of tooth decay. Nerves that send signals of pain to the brain get exposed when the enamel, which is the protective shell of your teeth, is compromised.

Tooth decay pain is no joke. Even if it’s not the most excruciating pain one can experience, it’s a kind of pain that cannot be ignored. Most people can’t function properly for as long as the pain persists and it’s quite likely to be the same situation for you.

A visit to the dentist is the smartest solution to this dental woe. However, you may have to wait a while until your dentist can personally treat you.

You don’t have to be rendered useless by the pain, though, because you can get temporary relief from different solutions until your dental appointment wherein the most appropriate treatment will be provided.

Listed below are some helpful tips for relieving tooth decay pain provided by a trusted Prescott, AZ dentist:

  1. Avoid eating anything that can make your tooth more sensitive to the pain. Anything that’s too hot or too cold is a big no-no. When the dentin layer of the tooth has been compromised by tooth decay, it will react painfully to extremes in temperature.
  2. Do stay away from sweet and acidic foods and drinks because these may worsen tooth decay.
  3. Pop some over-the-counter pain relievers. Acetaminophen, ibuprofen and even paracetamol can provide temporary relief.
  4. Apply oil of cloves on the tooth. Cloves are known for their numbing ability but they also have antiseptic properties. What you need to do is soak a small cotton ball in the clove oil and then hold it on the tooth for about 10 seconds. You’ll feel the area becoming numb after a while. This is a particularly effective solution for mild toothaches.
  5. Keep your teeth clean. It may hurt to brush and floss, but this can help in getting rid of the acid-producing bacteria that can attack the tooth.
  6. You may also want to try a temporary filling, which you can buy in some pharmacies. This will seal the decay-created hole that exposes the nerves sending pain signals to the brain.

Once you’ve had a bad episode of tooth decay pain, for sure, you wouldn’t want to experience it ever again. So, don’t miss any of your dental checkups and make sure to go about your oral hygiene routine in a thorough manner.


Add These to Your Grocery Cart – Foods That Prevent Cavities

Brush your teeth daily. Floss at least once a day. Visit your Prescott Valley dentist regularly.

These are all a part of good oral hygiene. But what some people do not know is that a healthy diet can contribute greatly to achieving excellent oral health.

Dental cavities are a serious dental condition that affects the permanent teeth of over 90 percent of adults. Left untreated, cavities can lead to pain and costly treatments.

As such, it is crucial to protect your teeth from this dental malady using different strategies, including the consumption of the right types of food.

You are probably aware that overconsumption of sweet and starchy treats can lead to tooth and gum problems. But do you know that there are foods that prevent cavities and other gum and dental issues?

Here’s a brief list of foods that you should add to your shopping cart the next time you go to the supermarket.

Apples

Apples and fresh fruits may contain a high amount of sugars and acids, but these are natural and can help stimulate the flow of saliva. In turn, the more saliva is produced in your mouth, the less likely it will be for the bacteria in your mouth to cause damage.

Cheese and dairy products

Cheese and other dairy products help in the prevention of the formation of cavities. The main reason behind that is because these food products alter the pH level of plaque. This increase in the pH level, along with the high level of calcium and stimulation of saliva, make dairy products staples that every household should have.

Sugar-free gum

It may sound counter-intuitive to chew gum if you want to keep your mouth healthy. But according to a Prescott, AZ dentist, it boils down to choosing the right kind: sugar-free.

Unlike conventional chewing gums which are loaded with sugars and can cause cavities, sugar-free gums contain xylitol. Xylitol is a natural sweetener that can help in the prevention of cavities. If you are thinking of consuming sweets, reach out for a sugar-free gum instead.

Tea

Tea leaves contain properties that allow these to keep bacterial growth in check while preventing the build-up of plaque. Green and black tea come highly recommended, especially after indulging in sugary treats. But do make sure that you don’t add sugar or cream to your beverage.

Wine

Red wine is rich in proanthocyanidins which in turn contain antioxidants that help ward off the bacteria which cause tooth decay.

Schedule an appointment with one of our dentists today!


Advanced Gum Disease Symptoms

Periodontal disease is no laughing matter. Studies reveal that there’s a strong link between gum disease and certain cancers, diabetes, and heart disease. Sadly, despite the call to commit to proper oral health, a lot of Americans are guilty of not doing what they’re supposed to in order to protect their gums and teeth.

A study titled “Prevalence of Periodontitis in Adults in the United States 2009 and 2010” reveals that around 64.7 million American adults have mild, moderate or severe periodontitis. Among adults 65 years old and older, the prevalence rates increase to 70.1 percent. This study only goes to show that a significant percentage of Americans are at high risk of severe health complications due to gum disease.

Gum disease is typically caused by the following factors:

  • Poor health due to smoking or tobacco use
  • Hormonal developments such as puberty, pregnancy, and menopause in women
  • Stress (that weakens the body’s autoimmune system, which is responsible for fighting off infection and diseases)
  • Bruxism (tooth grinding and clenching)
  • Diabetes
  • Malnutrition (not getting the necessary nutrients for gum health)

If you’re suffering from any of the aforementioned conditions, it’s quite likely that you have some type of gum disease. Commonly, for women going through hormonal development, the case is rather mild; after pregnancy, gum disease eventually goes away.

However, immediate dental attention is required if the following symptoms manifest:

  1. Frequent gum bleeding
  2. Loose teeth
  3. Increasing gaps or spaces between teeth
  4. Persistent bad breath
  5. Pus around the teeth (infection)
  6. Receding gums
  7. Redness and puffiness of gums
  8. Soreness and tenderness of gums

All of these are advanced gum disease symptoms, says a Prescott, AZ dentist. Once you have any of these symptoms, it’s imperative to go for a checkup. Your dentist will be able to explain what your mouth is going through and inform you of what needs to be done to restore the healthy condition of your mouth.

There are effective treatments for severe gum disease. You can even restore the healthy appearance of your gums and teeth through surgical restorative dentistry.

Treatment, however, can take some time. It will include different dental solutions, as well as various lifestyle changes. Typically, the dentist needs to see the effects of certain procedures and lifestyle changes first before proceeding with the rest of the treatment. Your dentist can educate you thoroughly about all of these, so don’t delay — set an appointment for a checkup right away.


The Horizon Dental Group Family Announces Two New Dental Offices

Through the years, the Horizon Dental Group’s objective has been to serve generations of families residing in Northern Arizona and to provide them with top quality dental services. From teaching toddlers and young kids the basics of keeping their teeth clean and healthy to providing services to adults and seniors with dental issues, their team of dental experts is ready to serve.

With this in mind, the Horizon Dental Group Family is proud to announce the addition of two new partnerships. The Gentle Touch Family Dental Care at the West Bell Plaza Building in Phoenix, Arizona and the Horizon Dental Group New River located along the North Black Canyon Highway in New River, Arizona. The Horizon Dental Group has four additional offices located within the following locations: Chino Valley, Prescott Valley, Prescott, and Spring Valley. Dental patients can now choose from a total of six different offices to schedule for an appointment with our amazing team.

Regardless of whether you are a new patient or returning for additional dental work, Horizon Dental Group makes it easy for patients to visit a dentist and receive the necessary services. At the Horizon Dental Group dental office in New River, we offer the Ambassador Dental Plan. It is an in-house membership plan that offers patients the opportunity to avail of specific dental services regardless of their current financial situation. There are plans available for individuals, families and new patients alike.

In both the Gentle Touch, our Phoenix/Glendale area dentist and the Horizon Dental Group New River offices, a number of general dental care services are available. The services allow patients to work with their dentist to develop and follow long-term oral hygiene goals. Services include teeth cleaning and digital x-rays. These services help detect hidden dental issues such as cysts, tumors and irregular tooth positions, among others.

Horizon Dental Group’s two new offices also offer a host of cosmetic and restorative dental care services. These types of services make it easier for patients to achieve their ideal smile. Under these categories, Horizon Dental Group offers the following services: teeth whitening, creation of crowns, fixed bridges and veneers made out of porcelain and composite fillings.

For patients looking for a dentist in Arizona, contact the Horizon Dental Group today to schedule an appointment or a consultation with one of their dental specialists. Horizon Dental Group dentists are ready to assist patients and give them all the details needed to bring back their winning smile.


Consequences Of Not Flossing Your Teeth

Although dentists recommend flossing for enhanced oral hygiene, at least a third of Americans don’t floss at all. Studies indicate that this may be due to lack of education or not stressing the importance of flossing enough to make it a habit. By not flossing, you increase your chances of developing gum disease.

Here is a more detailed explanation of the consequences of not flossing your teeth from a trusted Prescott, AZ dentist.

Bacteria growth

When you eat, food particles get lodged in your teeth and beneath your gums. It is in these types of environments where bacteria thrive and multiply. Brushing your teeth is not enough as the bristles cannot get into these hard-to-reach places. Dental floss works as a supplementary tool, cleaning the areas that your brush can’t reach. Making flossing a daily routine ensures that no substances or organisms can make your mouth their home.

Buildup of plaque and tartar

Not flossing causes a variety of dental issues. If you skip flossing for even just a few days, you run the risk of developing a buildup of plaque. Solidified plaque is known as tartar. Once a layer of tartar has formed and hardened on your teeth, it becomes more difficult to remove. You will need to visit a dentist to have all of the tartar removed.

Gum disease

Over time, if you don’t make flossing a daily habit, you could potentially develop gum disease. Gum disease occurs when your gums become inflamed due to the bacteria inside your mouth. The inflammation makes your gums sensitive to pressure and makes it more prone to bleeding. Even eating becomes uncomfortable at some point.

Tooth loss

In extreme cases, you could potentially lose your teeth because of gum disease or cavities. This happens when the disease has affected your gums to the point that it can no longer provide support for your teeth. In another study, it was found that approximately 10 percent of Americans between the ages of 50 and 64 no longer had any teeth left.

Compared to men, women are more likely to develop gum disease. The probability of developing gum disease rises during pregnancy. Having gum disease while pregnant can lead to giving birth to premature babies or babies with low birth weights.

Pneumonia

With poor oral hygiene habits, your mouth becomes the ideal breeding ground for bacteria and pathogens. By not brushing and flossing, your body will reabsorb these microscopic organisms. Some of these pathogens may end up in your lungs where it could cause a host of respiratory issues. One review established a connection between poor dental hygiene and developing pneumonia. By simply brushing and flossing, patients lowered their chances of developing pneumonia by as much as 40 percent. Schedule your appointment with one of our dentists today!


Dental Health Care And Aging

What You Should Know About Dental Health And Aging

Aging brings about various indications of physical, physiological, and mental degeneration. Dental health is among the most common concerns for older adults. As you get older, the risk of experiencing dental problems also increases.

Because of impairments in the normal bodily processes associated with aging, older people may find it more challenging to perform oral hygiene and self-care.

The most common dental conditions experienced during old age are:

Dry mouth (Xerostomia)

The golden years are considered cavity prone years. Cavities during old age are commonly caused by dry mouth. Xerostomia or dry mouth is not a normal process in aging; rather, it is a result or a side effect of various medications, which are usually taken by older adults to treat or control high blood pressure, Parkinson’s disease, and other illnesses that come with aging.

Dry mouth can lead to cracked lips, fissured tongue, caries, and mucositis. A Prescott, AZ dentist recommends increased fluid intake and avoidance of alcoholic and carbonated beverages to relieve the symptoms of dry mouth and prevent cavities.

Periodontitis or gum disease

Dental health and aging are linked together in many ways. As a person grows older, he may start to experience receding gums, which exposes the roots of the teeth. This increases the risk of developing decay.

In addition, poor dental hygiene also causes the buildup of plaque, causing the gums to become irritated and swollen.

In general, gum disease, in its early stages, is painless and does not present any symptoms. As such, it is often left undiagnosed and untreated until it is in the advanced stages. Advanced gum disease affects not only the gums, but also the bones and ligaments supporting the teeth.

Good oral hygiene through regular and proper brushing are very helpful in preventing periodontitis. Regular visits to a dentist for professional cleaning are also advised to remove hardened plaque.

Root and coronal caries

The four elements needed for dental caries to form are the tooth surface (enamel or dentin), fermentable carbohydrates, bacteria, and time. Dental caries could lead to advanced gum disease and tooth loss when left untreated.

Regular brushing using fluoride-containing toothpaste remains to be the main preventive measure for dental caries.

Because older adults may not be fully capable of caring for themselves, it is important to have a caregiver who can help them maintain their personal hygiene, including dental care. It is essential to discuss dental care and self-care with professionals such as dentists and doctors.


How to prevent gingivitis?

How to prevent gingivitis?

According to a study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention between 2009 and 2010, around 47 percent of Americans suffer from the different stages of gum disease.

A trusted Prescott, AZ dentist says that Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease. And left unchecked, gingivitis can worsen into periodontitis.

When gingivitis progresses into gum disease, your body’s immune system begins to fight back the plaque that causes irritation in the gums. However, this immune response can harm the tissues supporting your teeth. Apart from that, a noticeable space between the gums and the teeth develops, making the gums more vulnerable to infection.

Gingivitis occurs when the plaque bacteria build up on the tissues around the teeth. Although plaque is naturally found in the human mouth, it is essential to remove it through proper oral hygiene in order to prevent gingivitis.

One of the reasons why there are many people with gingivitis is because it can be difficult to detect due to the absence of pain. However, there are a few other symptoms that you or your dentist can check for. Among the symptoms of this dental issue are the swelling, reddening, and bleeding of the gums.

Poor oral hygiene is the leading cause of gingivitis. However, some conditions can leave a person vulnerable to this problem. These include pregnancy, diabetes, consumption of tobacco products, substance abuse, stress, autoimmune diseases, and the use of some types of medications. If you’re suffering from Gingivitis, call us to schedule an appointment today!

If you want to know how to prevent gingivitis, here are some guidelines offered by dental professionals.

In order to prevent gingivitis from wreaking havoc on your gums, there are four crucial things that you need to do.

First, you should brush your teeth at least twice a day. Make sure that you spend two minutes brushing your teeth, preferably with an antibacterial toothpaste. Avoid brushing too forcefully.

Pay special attention to every part of your mouth, including the tongue. Make sure that you brush your teeth before going to bed because bacterial growth occurs at a faster pace during sleep.

Next, floss at least once a day to remove food particles stuck between the teeth.

Third, use a mouthwash especially formulated to remove plaque and the bacteria that cause gingivitis.

Finally, visit your dentist every six months for checkups and professional cleaning. However, if you notice the signs of gingivitis in your mouth, schedule an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible.


8 Tips for Healthy Teeth and Gums

8 Tips for Healthy Teeth and Gums

Most people think that their teeth will always be healthy, strong and functional, and so they usually take these for granted. A reputable Prescott, AZ dentist emphasizes that proper and efficient dental care is very crucial throughout the human life cycle.

Here are some tips for healthy teeth and gums that will help you achieve a bright, big smile.

How to Achieve and Maintain Healthy Teeth and Gums

1. Deal with dental visit anxiety – If sitting on a dentist’s chair often makes you anxious, help yourself feel calm by bringing your headphones and a music player to your next appointment. This is indeed a great way of relieving your anxiety. Most of all, you must communicate with your dentist so he can help you.

2. Floss first before you brush – Flossing first will make brushing more effective since it will remove the food that gets trapped in between your teeth. There are floss holders you can buy from a drugstore if handling floss agitates you. After flossing, brush your teeth gently and rinse with a recommended antibacterial mouthwash to totally eliminate any leftover plaque.

3. Regularly replace your toothbrush – Over time, toothbrush bristles flatten, wear down and fray. Replacing your toothbrush every 3-4 months is highly recommended. To avoid harboring germs, consider replacing your brush if you are sick.

4. Be gentle when using toothpicks – A toothpick is a good alternative to floss; however, be very gentle when using it because it can easily damage your gums and it may even break off below your gum line.

5. Consume cheese – The whey protein and casein in cheese will help keep your tooth enamel in its excellent form because it reduces demineralization. Moreover, cheese has tooth-building calcium. But do not forget to include vitamin D-rich foods in your diet because this vitamin can help your body absorb calcium.

6. Remove teeth stains with baking soda – If you love drinking red wine, coffee or other tooth-staining beverages, your pearly white teeth can become dim. Brushing your teeth using baking soda at least twice a month will help brighten your smile. You can use toothpaste containing baking soda if plain baking soda irritates your teeth and gums.

7. Control your acid reflux – Preserve your tooth enamel and oral health by controlling your acid reflux. Avoid consuming foods and drinks that can trigger reflux, such as tomatoes, coffee and tea, chocolate, mint, and caffeinated drinks.

8. Brush your tongue – Brushing or scraping your tongue each time you brush your teeth can help prevent bad breath. Your tongue can host different bacteria that cause bad breath, so giving it a scrub will help minimize or eliminate odor-causing compounds.

Your teeth and gums can stay healthy and happy throughout your life with proper care. Most importantly, there will be fewer risks for gum disease and tooth decay if you always have healthy teeth and gums. Schedule your appointment with one of our dentists today!