Our Offices
Prescott Valley (928) 772-9860|Chino Valley (928) 636-1565

Dr. Mark Costes
Dr. Sean Reed

Horizon Dental Horizon Dental Horizon Dental Horizon Dental Horizon Dental
Archive for November 2016

Signs You Need to Worry About Tooth Pain

Tooth PainWhen to Worry About Tooth Pain

A toothache is a kind of pain that’s just impossible to ignore. Anybody who has experienced this pain will tell you that there’s simply no way of functioning normally when your teeth and gums are throbbing. It’s the equivalent and sometimes feels like a migraine.

When your tooth is aching, you simply cannot avoid worrying about it — you won’t be able to prevent your brain from thinking about all the possible reasons why you’re in such pain and how you can be free from it. However, not all toothaches are really that worrisome – sometimes, the causes are not anything too serious and life-threatening. So, when to worry about tooth pain — as in really worry?

Tooth pain caused by decay and cavities definitely hurt, but they’re not included in the list because they have easy solutions (fillings, root canal and crowns, and extraction). The truly worrisome reasons for tooth pain are the following:

Gum Disease 

While this can be treated by a dentist easily, (though it will require a long process,) there are serious complications that may arise due to periodontal disease. Therefore, this needs to be treated properly and as soon as possible in order to prevent potential complications.


This can cause severe toothaches and swelling and it’s usually due to common dental issues not being treated appropriately right away. Like periodontal disease, this can lead to serious complications if left untreated. The complication may prove fatal, especially if it’s accompanied with fever. It’s worth mentioning as well that a tooth infection is never a laughing matter as the mouth is in close proximity to the brain; infection can easily find its way to the brain and that will certainly have an impact on the organ.

TMJ or Temporomandibular Joint Disorder 

This can cause great physical discomfort and a person’s quality of life can become diminished because of it. It’s imperative for people with TMJ to get dental surgery in order to get rid of persistent pains and chronic inflammation that make everything from talking to eating extremely difficult.


The issue with this one is that it’s not a problem with the teeth and gums; however, it makes the gums swell, and there’s this persistent throbbing pain from the mouth that radiates to the ears and the head. The pain will persist until the right medication is provided.

Heart Disease

People with heart disease may experience severe tooth pains, which are accompanied with light-headedness and/or sweating. When these physical discomforts are experienced, have yourself checked by a dentist right away to prevent a full-blown flare-up of the disease.

For any kind of physical pain, it’s always better to be safe than sorry. Whether the reason is something serious or just typical dental issues, it’s better to know what it is so you can do the appropriate thing and finally find relief from the ache.

If you find yourself suffering from tooth pain it’s important to see your Prescott dentist at Horizon Dental Group today.


Pictures with Santa for a Cause

It’s that time of year and Dr. Mark Costes and Staff are giving back!

Horizon Dental Group is partnering with Toys for Tots to raise money for families in need! Below are the details. Also please feel free to scan the QR code to RSVP on our Facebook page. We hope to see you there. New and unwrapped toys are appreciated along with a $5 donation for Santa pictures. 100% of the proceeds will be donated to this deserving charity. From our Prescott Dental Family to yours, we wish you a happy holiday season.

Pictures with santa


Factors That Lead to Tooth Loss

Tooth LossTooth Loss | When Are Dentures Necessary?

Most people think that they do a good job of taking care of their teeth. This is often why many adults avoid the dentist. We certainly do not think we will ever need dentures now or in the foreseeable future.

However, available data indicates that the use of dentures is quite prevalent. More than most people may think. Fortunately, if you take care of your teeth and gums, you can effectively reduce your risk for tooth loss. This seems like a simple concept but tooth loss is very common is Prescott Valley. Many patients come to us when it is too late to save those infected teeth.

When are dentures necessary? Here is a list of factors that can contribute to tooth loss.

You don’t visit your dentist regularly

Experts recommend visiting your Prescott Valley dentist at least twice a year. For many people, this recommended number of visits may seem too much. However, when you visit your dentist on a regular basis, small problems can be identified and remedied thus reducing risk for tooth loss and the need for dentures. Think of it in comparison to changing the oil on your car.

You are suffering from gum inflammation

Gum disease, which can range from gingivitis to periodontal disease, is fairly common among adults. In fact, gum disease is one of the leading causes of tooth loss and affects three out of four people at some point in their lives.

Fortunately, once gum disease is detected and correctly treated, your risk for tooth loss goes down substantially. However, if you leave your gum disease untreated, it can progress to bone loss which in turn can lead to tooth loss.

Your teeth are shifting

When your teeth become loose and shift position or if you notice that the gap between your teeth seem to be getting wider, you might be suffering from gum disease. In fact, one of the signs that you have advanced gum disease is loose teeth. In some cases, loose teeth need to be extracted.

You’re suffering from severe toothaches

Toothaches are often a sign that a teeth is decayed. In some cases, the affected tooth can still be saved with dental fillings. However, if the decay has become extensive, the tooth needs to be removed and be replaced by dentures.

You have a few missing teeth

If you have a few missing teeth, the remaining teeth need to work harder and fill in for the loss teeth. This leads to added pressure to your remaining teeth and an increase in your risk for losing more teeth. In this situation, your dentist will recommend the use of prosthesis to relieve some of the pressure on your remaining teeth.

You’re frequently suffering from indigestion

One possible culprit for your digestive problem are your teeth. If you can’t chew your food properly, you tend to swallow larger pieces of food which makes things more difficult for your stomach. People who have a hard time chewing their food often suffer from sore or cracked teeth which are often signs of a bigger dental problem.

You’re embarrassed about your smile

Some patients wear dentures before they even need these due to aesthetic reasons. In fact, wearing dentures can positively affect a person’s confidence. However, this option is not for everyone.

Consult your dentist in Prescott at Horizon Dental Group to determine whether wearing dentures is the right option for you.


Common Oral Cancer Symptoms

Oral Cancer SymptomsCommon Oral Cancer Symptoms To Watch Out For

Oral cancer makes up 85 percent of head and neck cancers. It’s also one of, if not the, most difficult to treat because the condition is usually hard to detect in its early stages. This is clearly one of the main reasons why Dentists are beginning to include oral cancer screening every time you undergo a comprehensive dental checkup. With oral cancer screening, you can make sure that if you do have oral cancer, early detection and early treatment, which will increase your chances of beating it.

If your mouth’s been feeling weird, it’s best to go to your dentist and have yourself checked. But if you do not feel threatened by abnormal sensations in your mouth, then for now, it would be helpful to know more about the common symptoms of oral cancer. By arming yourself with relevant knowledge, you can determine the next steps that you need to do to protect your dental health and overall well-being.

The following are common signs and symptoms to watch out for:


  • Sores, swelling, lumps or thick patches anywhere in or around your mouth (tongue and gums) or throat.
  • Red or white lesions in your mouth or lips that pop up, heal and get replaced by new ones.
  • The feeling of a lump or object stuck in your throat, making it difficult to swallow or even breathe most of the time.
  • Swollen gums; if you wear dentures or retainers, the swelling can make them uncomfortable to wear.
  • Numbness, pain and sensitivity anywhere in your mouth, including your tongue.
  • Earaches that make one ear sensitive to the touch yet there’s no loss of hearing.
  • Difficulty moving your jaw or tongue, or with chewing, swallowing or speaking.
  • Loose, shaky teeth even if they appear to be healthy.
  • A sore throat that wouldn’t go away no matter how often you gargle with an antibacterial mouthwash.
  • Hoarseness or strained voice.


These signs and symptoms may indicate other conditions like sinusitis and periodontal disease, among others. But if you experience any of them or a combination of these signs and symptoms, better go to the dentist immediately to be screened for oral cancer. Remember, it’s always better to be safe than sorry. While there are treatments available for oral cancer, there still remains to be just a 50 percent survival rate for it.

To know more about oral cancer symptoms and screening, talk to your Prescott Valley dentist at your next visit. Call the dental professionals at Horizon Dental Group today! 

Is Dental Whitening Safe?

Dental WhiteningDental Whitening | Is it Really Safe?

One of the easiest ways to enhance your appearance is to invest in teeth whitening. Studies show that having brighter teeth makes an individual look healthier, younger and more put-together. Some even believe that getting rid of teeth stains and discoloration can result in a more impactful transformation than other forms of makeovers, such as facial cosmetic procedures, can provide. It’s no wonder why statistics from The American Association of Orthodontists reveal that 90 percent of patients request for teeth whitening treatment from their dentist.

Teeth whitening methods have become more varied and sophisticated through the years. Today, patients can choose from a wide range of solutions, including:

  • Dental hygiene products with add-on whitening features such as a whitening toothpaste and whitening mouthwash.
  • At-home solutions such as whitening trays, gels, strips or pens.
  • In-clinic procedures performed by or under the supervision of a dental professional.

Despite its increasing popularity and proven efficacy, many are still hesitant about trying out teeth whitening. Many would like to confirm and are asking, “is dental whitening safe?”

Side Effects of Dental Whitening 

This hesitation may have stemmed from reports of adverse side effects due to the use of inferior, old-school or unsafe products in the early years of teeth whitening. Today, permanent and serious side effects should not be an issue anymore, as whitening solutions have become safer and more effective since teeth whitening technology has also become increasingly sophisticated.

Aside from the advances in technology, another reason why teeth whitening is now safer is the shift in patient perspective and behavior. People now have access to relevant and updated information on dental care and oral care solutions. Thus, they are able to make more informed decisions when it comes to protecting the health and appearance of their teeth. They know that the only way to get the most out of the benefits of teeth whitening is to use only established, expert-approved products and to go only to their trusted dentist for any tooth whitening procedure.

Tooth Sensitivity

One of the most known side effects of whitening your teeth is experiencing tooth sensitivity, which can still happen albeit in very low or negligible intensities, and within a short, temporary period only. Using a toothbrush and toothpaste designed for sensitive teeth can help alleviate the discomfort. Your dentist should also send you off with clear after-care instructions, which you should follow. Within 24 to 48 hours, the sensitivity will completely subside.

To determine if you are qualified to undergo teeth whitening, consult your trusted dentist in Prescott, at Horizon Dental Group. 

Invisalign Treatment | Is Invisalign Right for You?

Invisalign TreatmentWhy Choose the Invisalign Treatment?

Apart from getting a big boost in confidence and other aesthetic benefits, having a set of straight teeth offers a few health benefits.

With straighter teeth, you will be able to achieve excellent oral health. You can easily avoid dental problems like periodontal disease. On top of that, having healthy teeth and gums contributes to your overall health. With tooth decay and gum disease kept at bay, you can lower your risk for serious diseases like heart disease and stroke, diabetes and pneumonia.

The Invisalign Advantage

When it comes to straightening teeth, there are a few options you can choose from, ranging from traditional braces to Invisalign.

Why choose Invisalign?

There are plenty of reasons why an overwhelming number of teens (and adults) prefer clear aligners over metal braces.

Like metal braces, Invisalign can be used to effectively treat a diverse array of cases, including over and underbites, crowded teeth, crossbites, and spacing issues. Both metal braces and Invisalign can straighten teeth.

However, Invisalign is removable. This means that you can enjoy almost any type of food that you want to eat. This also makes brushing and flossing easier. And when you can clean your teeth and gums better, you can ward off potential dental problems.

Invisalign is fabricated out of smooth and comfortable plastic which does not irritate the inside of your cheeks and your gums, unlike metal brackets and wires.

With Invisalign, you can enjoy more of your time as you only have to visit your dentist every four to six months.

The Answer is Clear

When it comes to comfort and convenience, Invisalign is practically peerless. You can get straighter teeth and enjoy your life the way you want it without having to worry about how your teeth look. The clear aligners are almost invisible and you can remove these. Plus, because the aligners are made out of smooth and comfortable plastic, you do not have to worry about irritating your mouth.

Ready to Have Straighter Teeth?

Treatment starts with an initial consultation with Dr. Mark Costes and Dr. Sean Reed of Horizon Dental. Your unique condition will be evaluated and our dentist will determine whether you are an ideal candidate for Invisalign. This is the best time to ask questions about the treatment, including concerns about cost, insurance and other treatment details.

If you are deemed to be an ideal candidate for Invisalign treatment, Dr. Costes and Dr. Reed will begin creating a customized treatment plan for you. This requires taking images and impressions of your teeth which will be used to map out the movement of your teeth as well as determine the length of the treatment time.

Your custom-made clear aligners will be fabricated in a laboratory using the treatment plan made by our dentists. You will receive a new set of aligners every two weeks, which you will have to wear for 20 to 22 hours per day.

Need to learn more about the Invisalign Treatment? Call your local Prescott Valley dentist at Horizon Dental Group today! 

How Professional Teeth Whitening Works

Professional Teeth WhiteningHow Does Professional Teeth Whitening Work?

Aging, some types of foods and beverages and smoking. All of these can stain your teeth and rob these of their luster.

If you want to whiten your teeth and regain your confident smile, one option that you can consider is professional teeth whitening.

What’s the difference?

Professional teeth whitening (also known as in-office whitening, power bleaching, power whitening, chairside whitening and professional whitening) entails the use of bleaching agents in a safe and controlled manner which leads to fast and visible results.

Professional whitening offers a few advantages over over-the-counter remedies. For one, the results are faster. And because the treatment is administered by professionals, you are assured of your safety and comfort. In fact, gum and tooth sensitivity problems which were once associated with the treatment have been virtually eliminated through the use of thicker peroxide gels and desensitizers.

Are you a good candidate for the treatment?

Professional whitening is not for everyone. This treatment is ideal for cases of discoloration due to aging, consumption of foods and beverages, and smoking.

If the cause of your tooth discoloration can be attributed to overexposure to fluoride, trauma, antibiotics, and inorganic causes, professional whitening is not for you.

The treatment is also not recommended for patients with sensitive teeth and gums and those who have teeth which have become transparent due to aging.

How does it work?

Before beginning the treatment, Dr. Mark Costes and Dr. Sean Reed of Horizon Dental will need to prepare your teeth. Your teeth will need to be cleaned to remove the buildup of plaque and other debris. Afterwards, our dentists will carefully examine your teeth and look for dental problems which may lead to irritation while your teeth are being bleached. In some cases, pictures of your teeth may be taken and the color of these may be measured against a shade guide.

The actual treatment is pretty straightforward and should not involve any pain or discomfort.

The treatment begins with the insertion of a cheek retractor into your mouth. This device exposes the teeth that are visible when you smile.

After that, the dentist will put either a hardening resin or liquid rubber dam onto the gums to avoid irritating these. Afterwards, the bleaching gel will be applied onto the teeth. This can take anywhere between 15 and 30 minutes.

Depending on the specific teeth whitening treatment you have chosen, intense light may be focused on the teeth to either activate or enhance the bleaching action.

All throughout the application process, the dentist will check the teeth and add more bleaching agent when needed.

The Final Step 

Once the final layer of gel has been applied, the cheek retractors are removed and you will be asked to rinse your mouth. Then, the color of teeth will checked against the initial measurement taken by the dentist. In some patients, their teeth can whiten by as much as two to eight shades brighter.

Do take note that immediately after the treatment, the color of the teeth may be whiter than the actual new color. The true color of your teeth will appear a few days after the treatment.

If you haven’t achieved your desired tooth color, you may be asked to come back to the dental office for a follow up treatment or you may have to supplement the in-office procedure with an at-home treatment.

If you are interested in achieving a whiter smile, contact your local Prescott Valley dentist at Horizon Dental Group.

A Few Dental Implant Facts

A Few Dental Implant Facts

Dental implants are popular solutions for teeth restoration. A person who has lost a tooth or all of his teeth gets artificial teeth that are securely anchored to the jawbone; it’s like having real teeth again. A Prescott Valley dentist explains a few dental implant facts. 

There are two types of dental implants:


The first one is endosteal, which is the more commonly used type. Endosteal implants are surgically placed into the jawbone and are deemed the better alternative to bridges and removable dentures and they.


The second type is subperiosteal, which is placed on top of the jaw with metal framework posts sticking out of the gums to hold the prosthesis. Subperiosteal implants are ideal for people who cannot wear conventional dentures and do not have enough bone height, which is necessary for endosteal implants.

Dental implants are carried out for the following purposes:

  • The replacement of a single tooth.
  • The replacement of several missing teeth.
  • The replacement of all teeth.
  • The preservation of gums and jawbone.
  • Ridge modification.

For implants at the back part of the mouth, sinus augmentation may be required to address the insufficient bone quantity of the area and the close proximity to the sinus. Augmentation raises the sinus floor and develops bone so dental implants can be securely placed.

Dental Implant Success Rate

While dental implants are 95% to 98% successful as a procedure in restoring teeth, not everybody is eligible for this treatment, dentists say. Those who don’t have adequate bone in the jaw will have to have their bone grafted first for the treatment to be carried out. Also, people who have periodontal disease will need to have that treated first in order for the treatment to be performed; dentists make sure that patients are fully recovered from any kind of periodontal disease before clearing patients for dental implants. These two groups of patients have to wait a while until they achieve overall good health.

However, there are those who are completely discouraged from receiving the treatment because of the high risk of complications that may arise. People with diabetes, cancer and other health conditions that weaken the immune system are not endorsed for dental implants.

Good Oral Practices 

Receiving dental implants requires consistently good oral care practices. During the healing period, in particular, patients should follow their dentists’ instructions to a T in order to avoid complications such as infections or the opening up of stitches.

Aside from this, it’s imperative to regularly see the dentist in order to monitor how the implants are integrating well into the bone and how gums are healing properly in order to ensure the stability of the dental implants.

And of course, daily brushing, flossing and using a mouthwash (saltwater and other non-alcohol formulas) will help greatly in healing the gums and keeping gum disease-causing bacteria at bay.

If you would like more information about dental implants, contact your Prescott Valley dentist, at Horizon Dental Group today!

The Importance of Dental Checkups

Dental CheckupsDental Checkups | The Importance of Dental Checkups

It can be tempting — and quite easy — to skip visits to your dentist for routine checkups. When you are preoccupied with matters such as work, your children, household chores, important errands, social engagements, bills and other financial responsibilities, and other concerns that the typical adult needs to face regularly, finding time to schedule an appointment with the dentist can take a backseat.

Dentists advise patients to see them at least once every six months, so it’s easy for people to think that they have plenty of time to get to that later — more pressing responsibilities or more pleasant activities can surely be tackled first, they think. Unfortunately, the tendency is to keep pushing this task down their list of things to do until, once again, a year has passed and they have forgotten to see their dentist.

To remind everyone of the importance of dental checkups, it helps to run through the things that a dentist usually performs during a routine visit and to identify the benefits that you can receive.

During your checkup, your dentist will:

Look for cavities

Even if you always brush and floss like you’re supposed to, you may be developing cavities that you do not know about, like between the teeth. If your Prescott dentist detects them immediately (thanks to your regular visits), they can begin treatment to stop the process and decay and save your teeth from further damage or complete extraction.

Look for signs of tartar and plaque buildup

Plaque can form over your teeth and become tartar when you fail to remove it on time. Tartar then becomes impossible to get rid of with mere brushing and flossing. Your dentist can address this effectively to keep gum disease from developing.

Inspect your gums

As mentioned, the gums can succumb to disease and can also provide clues to your overall health, so examining them regularly is a must.

Check not just your mouth, tongue and throat, but also your face, head and neck

This is how your dentist looks for signs of other potential health concerns such as swelling or oral cancer.

By paying regular visits to your Prescott Valley dentist for checkups, you can experience the following benefits:

  • A whiter, more beautiful smile. Dentists perform professional cleaning during checkups so any stains from food, drinks and medication are effectively removed.
  • Healthy gums. You won’t have to suffer swollen or inflamed gums if your dentist is always able to catch any problems and treat them early.
  • Fresher breath. Because food particles and regularly dislodged from between your teeth, and you are taught proper oral hygiene habits, your breath will always stay fresh as well.
  • Stronger teeth that last. When you frequently see your dentist, there won’t be any chances for cavities to set in and gradually destroy your teeth. Regular checkups can ensure that your teeth stay strong and healthy for years to come.

Call your local Prescott dentist at Horizon Dental Group to schedule your dental checkups!